What is the typical time frame to file a complaint after sexual harassment/ misconduct has occurred?
The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 is a legislative act in India that seeks to protect women from sexual harassment at their place of work.
Also colloquially known as the POSH Act, the law stipulates strict time frames for reporting any incident of workplace sexual harassment to the Internal Committee (also called Internal Complaints Committee/ POSH Committee/ Vishakha Committee), which is deemed a civil court and given the power to adjudicate such cases:
Within three (3) months after the most recent incident;
Within six (6) months after the most recent incident, with documented reasons for delay (can include factors such as mental and emotional trauma, hospitalization etc)
For more details on what happens after a POSH complaint is reported, what actions one can take in case of an absent/apathetic Internal Committee, and what your rights are as a complainant, read more here: https://www.trustin.co.in/post/what-happens-when-you-report-workplace-sexual-harassment-to-the-icc